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Kamis, 18 Juli 2013

Beberapa Singkatan di Dunia Komputer


BEBERAPA SINGKATAN DI DUNIA KOMPUTER
ilustrasi gambar ; suryaafrilian.blogspot.com


SATUAN :
Dpidot per inci
Ppmpaper per minute
Ppspaper per Second
Fpsframe per Second
Mbpsmegabits per Second
KBpsKilobytes per Second
Kbpskilobits per Second
Bpsbits per Second
Bitbinary digit
TBTera Byte
GBGiga Byte
MBMega Byte
KBKilo Byte
VIDEO :
MPEGMotion Picture Expert Group, terdiri dari :
- MPEG-1 (Audio/Video)   –  (1.5 – 4.0 mbps)
- MPEG-2 (Audio/Video)   –  (4.0 – 10.0 mbps)
- MP3 or MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3 (Audio)
- MPEG-4 (Interactive Multimedia System)
- MPEG-7 (Multimedia Database & Retrieval)
AVIAudio Video Interleave
WMVWindows Media Video
DATDigital Audio Tape
3GP / 3GPP3rd Generation Partnership Project
VOBDVD Video Object
TSTransport Stream
FLVFlash Video
DVDigital Video
RMReal Media
MOVMovie (Quick Time)
VTRVideo Tape Recorder
VBRVariable Bit Rate
BRVBit Rate Video
BRABit Rate Audio
CODECCompression Decompression  atau  Coder Decoder
AUDIO :
WAVWave
MP3MPEG 1 Layer 3
MIDIMusical Instrument Digital Interface
WMAWindows Media Audio
OGG……..  Ogg Vorbis
FLACFree Lossless Audio Codec
AMRAdaptive Multi Rate
AACAdvanced Audio Coding
AIFFAudio Interchange File Format
ASFAdvanced Streaming Format
AIMPArtem Izmaylov Media Player.
IMAGE :
BMPWindows Bitmap
WMFWindows Meta File
EMFEnhanced Meta File
JPEGJoint Picture Expert Group
GIFGraphic Interchange Format
PNGPortable Network Graphic
TGATarga File Format
PCXPC Painbrush
PICLotus Picture
TIFFTag Image File Format
ANIWindows Animation
CURWindows Cursor
ICOWindows Icon
PBMPortable Bitmap
PGMPortable Graymap
PSPPaint Shop Pro
PSDPhoto Shop Document
CMSColor Management System
RGBRed Green Blue
CMYKCyan Magenta Yellow Black
CGMComputer Graphic Metafile
SVGScalable Vector Graphics
EPSEncapsulated PostScript
AIAdobe Ilustrator
LAIN-LAIN :
2GSecond Generation
3GThird Generation
AALATM Adaptation Layer
ACEAccess Control Entry
ACPIAdvanced Configuration and Power Interface
ADSLAsymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGPAcceleration Graphics Port
AMDAdvanced Micro Devices
APIApplication Programming Interface
APIPAAutomatic Private IP Addressing
APNAccess Point Name  /  Network
ARFCNAbsolute Radio Frequency Channel Number
ARPAddress Resolution Protocol
ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information Interchange
ATAAdvanced Technology Attachment
ATMAsynchronous Transfer Mode
AVAudio Video
BAPBandwidth Allocation Protocol
BDCBackup Domain Controller
BINDBerkeley Internet Name Domain
BIOSBasic Input Output System
B-ISDNBroadband Integrated Services Digital Network
BOOTPBootstrap Protocol
BRIBasic Rate Interface
BSDBerkeley Software Distribution
CACertification Authority
CADComputer Aided Drafting
CBRConstant Bit Rate
CCDCharge Coupled Display
CCITTComite Consultatif International Telegraphique et Telephonique
CCPCompression Control Protocol
CCTVClosed Circuit Television
CD-RCompact Disc Recordable
CD-RWCompact Disc Rewritable
CGAColor Graphics Adapter
CHAPChallenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
CIFCommon Intermediate Format
CLIPClassical IP over ATM
CMOSComplementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
COMComunication (Serial)
CRLCertificate Revocation List
CRTCathode Ray Tube
CSIDCalled Subscriber ID
CSMACarrier Sense Multiple Access
CSPCryptographic Service Provider
CTLCertificate Trust List
DACLDiscretionary Access Control List
DAVDistributed Authoring and Versioning
DCEData Communications Equipment
DDEDynamic Data Exchange
DDNSDinamic DNS
DDR RAMDouble Data Rate RAM
DFSDistributed File System
DHCPDynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DLCData Link Control
DLCIData Link Control Identifier
DLLDynamic Link Library
DMADirect Memory Access
DNSDomain Name System
DRAMDynamic Random Access Memory
DSADigital Signature Algorithm
DSLDigital Subscriber Line
DSSDigital Signature Standard
DTEData Terminal Equipment
DUNDial-Up Network
DVDDigital Versatile Disc  /  Digital Video Disc
DVIDigital Video Interface / Digital Visual Interface
EAPExtensible Authentication Protocol
EDGEEnhanced Data GSM Environment  /  Enhanced Data for Global Evolution
EDO RAMExtended Data Out RAM
EFIExtensible Firmware Interface
EFSEncrypting File System
EGAEnhanced Graphics Adapter
ELANEmulated Local Area Network
EMSExpanded Memory Specification
ESDIEnhanced Small Device Interface
EVDOEvolution Data Only / Optimized
F/W VersionFirmware Version
FAQsFrequently Asked Questions
FATFile Allocation Table
FCBFile Control Block
FEPFront End Processor
FIPS 140-1Federal Information Processing Standard 140-1
FQDNFully Qualified Domain Name
FTPFile Transfer Protocol
GDIGraphics Device Interface
GOPGroup of Pictures
GPRSGeneral Packet Radio Service
GPSGlobal Positioning System
GPTGUID Partition Table
GSMGlobal System for Mobile Communications
GUIGraphical User Interface
HCLHardware Compatibility List
HDMIHigh Definition Multimedia Interface
HDTVHigh Definition TV
HMACHash-based Message Authentication Mode
HSDPAHigh Speed Downlink Packet Access
HSPAHigh Speed Packet Access
HSUPAHigh Speed Uplink Packet Access
HTMLHyper Text Markup Language
HTTPHyper Text Transfer Protocol
I/OInput / Output
ICMPInternet Control Message Protocol
IDEIntegrated Device Electronics
IECInternational Electrotechnical Commission
IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IETFInternet Engineering Task Force
IGMPInternet Group Management Protocol
IISInternet Information Services
IMEInput Method Editor
IMEIInternational Mobile Equipment Identity
INFInformation File
InternetInterconected Network
IPInternet Protocol
IPCInterprocess Communication
IPSecInternet Protocol Security
IPXInternetwork Packet Exchange
IRInfra Red
IRCInternet Relay Chatting
IRDAInfrared Data Association
IRQInterrupt Request
ISAIndustry Standard Association / Architecture
ISDNIntegrated Services Digital Network
ISMIntersite Messaging Service
ISOInternational Organization for Standardization
ISPInternet Service Provider
ITU-TInternational Telecommunication Union – Telecommunication [Standardization Sector]
KDCKey Distribution Center
L2TPLayer 2 Tunneling Protocol
LANLocal Area Network
LANELAN Emulation
LCDLiquid Crystal Display
LDAPLightweight Directory Access Protocol
LDIFLDAP Data Interchange Format
LEDLight Emitting Diode
LESLAN Emulation Server
LPDLine Printer Daemon
LPRLine Printer Remote
LPT1Line Printer 1
MACMedium Access Control / Message Authentication Code
MADCAPMulticast Address Dynamic Client Allocation Protocol
MANMetropolitan Area Network
MARSMulticast Address Resolution Service
MBRMaster Boot Record
MCSMulticast Server
MD5Message Digest 5
MFTMaster File Table
MIBManagement Information Base
MMCMicrosoft Management Console
MMCMulty Media Card
MMSMultimedia Messaging Service
MMUMemory Management Unit
MNP5Microcom Networking Protocol Five
MODEMModulator Demodulator
MPPEMicrosoft Point-to-Point Encryption
MS DTCMicrosoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator
MS-DOSMicrosoft Disk Operating System
MSMQMicrosoft Message Queuing
MSRMicrosoft Reserved
NCPNetwork Control Protocol / NetWare Core Protocol
NDSNovell Directory Services
NetBEUINetBIOS Extended User Interface
NetBIOSNetwork Basic Input / Output System
NICNetwork Interface Card
NMSNetwork Management Station
NNTPNetwork News Transfer Protocol
NSName Server
NTFSNew Tehcnology File System  /  Network Transfer File System / Network File System
NTSCNational Television Standards Comitte  /  National Television Systems Committee
OSIOpen Systems Interconnection
PADPacket Assembler Disassembler
PALPhase Alternate Line  /  Phase Alteration Line
PAPPassword Authentication Protocol
PATAParalel Advanced Technology Attachment
PBXPrivate Branch Exchange
PCIPeripheral Component Interconnect  /  Interface
PCLPrinter Control Language
PCMCIAPersonal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDAPersonal Digital Assistant
PDCPrimary Domain Controller
PDLPage Description Language
PIDProcess Identifier
PIFProgram Information File
PINPersonal Identity Number
PJLPrinter Job Language
PKCSPublic Key Cryptography Standards
PKIPublic Key Infrastructure
POP3Post Office Protocol 3
POSIXPortable Operating System Interface for UNIX
POTSPoint of Termination Station
PPPPoint-to-Point Protocol
PPPoAPoint-to-Point Protocol over ATM
PPPoEPoint-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
PPTPPoint-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
PRIPrimary Rate Interface
PS2Post Script 2
PSTNPublic Switched Telephone Network
QCIFQuarter Common Intermediate Format
QoSQuality of Service
QVGAQuarter Video Graphics Array
RADIUSRemote Authentication Dial-In User Service
RAIDRedundant Array of Independent Disks
RAMRandom Access Memory
RCARadio Company of America
RFCRequest for Comments
RIDRelative ID
RIPXRouting Information Protocol over IPX
ROMRead Only Memory
RPCRemote Procedure Call
RRResource Record
RSLRegistry Size Limit
S / MIMESecure / Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
SACLSystem Access Control List
SATASerial Advanced Technology Attachment
SBMSubnet Bandwidth Management
SCSISmall Computer System Interface
SDPSession Description Protocol
SDRAMSynchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SECAM - Sequential Couleur Avec Memorie (Standar Video Perancis dan Eropa Timur)
 - Sequential Couleur a Memoire or Sequential Color with Memory
SHA-1Secure Hash Algorithm-1
SIDSecurity ID
SIMSubscriber Identity Module
SISSingle Instance Store
SLIPSerial Line Internet Protocol
SMBServer Message Block
SMSShort Messaging Service
SMTPSimple Mail Transfer Protocol  /  Simple Mai Transport Protocol
SNMPSimple Network Management Protocol
SOAStart of Authority
SPIDService Profile Identifier
SSLSecure Sockets Layer
SVGASuper Video Graphics Array
SWIFTSociety for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication
TAPITelephony API
TCP / IPTransmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
TDITransport Driver Interface
TELNETTELetype Network
TFTThin Film Transistor
TFTPTrivial File Transfer Protocol
TGATelevision Graphics Adapter
TGSTicket Granting Service
TGTTicket Granting Ticket
TLDTop Level Domain
TLSTransport Layer Security
TSIDTransmitting Station ID
TTLTime to Live
UACUser Account Control
UCSUnicode Character System
UDPUser Datagram Protocol
UMTSUniversal Mobile Telecommunications System
UNCUniversal Naming Convention
UPSUninterruptible Power Supply
URLUniform Resource Locator
USBUniversal Serial Bus
UTFUnicode Transmission Format
UTPUnshielded Twisted Pair
UXGAUltra Extended Graphics Array
VCDVideo Compact Disc
VESAVideo Electronic Standard Assosiation
VGAVideo Graphics Array / Adapter / Accelerator
VHSVideo Home System
VLANVirtual Local Area Network
VPNVirtual Private Network
WANWide Area Network
WAPWireless Application Protocol
WCDMAWideband Code Division Multiple Access
WDMWindows Driver Model
WebDAVWeb Distributed Authoring and Versioning
WECWeb Extender Client
WEPWired Equivalent Privacy
Wi-FiWireless Fidelity
WINSWindows Internet Name Service
WMIWindows Management Instrumentation
WOSAWindows Open Services Architecture
WPAWireless Protect Access
WPSWireless Protect System
WUXGAWidescreen  Ultra Extended Graphics Array
WWWWorld Wide Web
WXGAWidescreen Extended Graphics Array
XGAExtended Graphics Array
XMLExtensible Markup Language
sumber
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